When considering a product for a hazardous location, it is important that the product is appropriately rated for that environment. UL, one of the primary bodies that certifies products for use in hazardous environments, defines a hazardous location as a “location where explosion or fire hazards exist due to the presence of flammable gases, flammable or combustible liquid-produced vapors, combustible dusts, or ignitable fibers or flyings.” Figure 1 shows the conditions that are required to create fire and are often present in hazardous environments: oxygen, an ignition source, and flammable material. Continue reading “Intrinsically Safe Products for Hazardous Locations”
Intermediate relays are crucial in the proper function and operation of several varieties of power equipment, be it in mobile refrigeration or a simple pump application. But what are intermediate relays, and how are they implemented? Continue reading “What Are Intermediate Relays and How Are They Implemented?”
Question: I own a farm and would like to monitor how much water is being used in a safe, lead-free way; how do you recommend accomplishing this? Continue reading “Clean and Safe Water Totalization”
Why do the inlet and outlet pressure of pumps need to be monitored? What issues may be encountered if they are not monitored?
Air compressors, irrigation systems, and heat exchangers all use pumps to push air or water through their systems. If the pressure in any of these systems is too high or too low, it could have serious consequences for the pump, the pipes, or the entire system. Most engineers choose pumps that operate 80-110% of their Best Efficiency Point (BEP), the point on the curve where the pump is most efficient. Pump performance will suffer if the pump is operating outside of the BEP, so it is important to monitor pressure to ensure you are getting the most out of your pumping system. Continue reading “Pressure Monitoring in Pump Systems”
Question: I am choosing an insertion level switch to help me monitor levels in a tank. What are the main differences between the products in the Flotect® switch family? Continue reading “Ask the Expert – What are the differences between the products in the Flotect® switch family?”