Dwyer’s Series 490W Wireless Hydronic Differential Pressure Manometer is the most accurate and easy-to-operate manometer on the market. Along with wireless transducers and a mobile device, a single operator using a 490W can monitor and balance a hydronic system in less time and with less manpower than would be possible using a traditional hydronic balancer. In addition, being wireless, the 490W has zero hoses or manifolds – meaning there are no annoying attachments that need to be carried, that can snag onto equipment, or that need to be drained between readings. Continue reading “On the Job with Dwyer: Series 490W Wireless Hydronic Differential Pressure Manometer”
In the ongoing narrative of environmental conservation, few adversaries are as concerning as methane gas emissions from landfills. This potent greenhouse gas poses a substantial threat to both our climate and community health, demanding immediate attention and sustainable solutions.
Landfills contain several different gases and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) caused by the breakdown of waste, with methane and carbon dioxide making up over 90% of them (health.ny.gov). Once waste breaks down and forms landfill gas and particulates, it can potentially spread to nearby buildings or structures through openings like cracks, windows, or ventilation systems and settle in areas of poor ventilation like basements or crawl spaces (health.ny.gov). Continue reading “Mitigating Methane in Landfills”
In the expansive world of modern travel, airports serve as dynamic hubs connecting people across the globe. However, amid the seamless connectivity and operational efficiency, there exists a nuanced concern—the potential health implications associated with prolonged stays in these bustling environments. From temporary discomforts to potential long-term health risks, both passengers and airport employees may encounter various challenges unique to airport spaces.
Although the COVID-19 pandemic brought concerns about the impact of the built environment on health out of the proverbial “back room,” experts have been mulling over solutions to these problems for decades. Airports are of particularly high concern as they act as something of a mini city. Jet fuel, exhaust, and other chemicals have a large environmental impact on the outdoor air quality, while carbon dioxide and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), like formaldehyde, can greatly impact the health and indoor air quality (IAQ) of airport occupants. Continue reading “Navigating Health and Comfort in Airports”
Dwyer Instruments offers a multitude of sensors for monitoring air velocity in HVAC systems. Some of this instrumentation has a simple construction (Pitot tubes, for example) while others are more complex, such as hot-wire anemometers.
The initial term and first “hot-wire anemometer” was developed back in 1914 by Louie Vesso King. He is also accredited for King’s Law, which mathematically describes heat transfer in air flows using a heated wire. As the air moves over the wire, it causes a loss of temperature in the wire and removes some of the wire’s heat energy. Continue reading “Understanding Air Velocity Sensors”
A semiconductor transistor is a part with specific electronic properties that allow it to serve as a component in microchips and modern electronics like phones, laptops, and more. As these components are small and require precise manufacturing methods, there are facilities dedicated to their manufacture.
These facilities consist of several levels including air handlers and scrubbers for exhaust, HEPA room, fab cleanroom, and subfab areas. The control of differential pressure within the facility is essential for the safety of both equipment and personnel.
The HEPA/ULPA rooms are found in the space above a semiconductor cleanroom. This area has filtration equipment that removes particulates from the outside environment. A HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) filter and/or an ULPA (ultra low particulate air) filter is used to trap small contaminants and prevent them from entering the fab cleanroom area. The fab cleanroom has to be free of particulates, as it is where semiconductor devices such as microscopic transistors are manufactured. Something as small as a molecule from a fragrance can destroy one of these transistors, making proper filtration an essential part of the semiconductor fabrication process. Continue reading “Monitoring Solutions for Semiconductor HEPA/ULPA Rooms”