Infrared Thermometers infer the temperature of an object by measuring the infrared thermal radiation emitted from the object. Objects at thermal equilibrium must balance the energy that is entering the object with the energy that is leaving the object. Often, the energy leaving the object is emitted as electromagnetic radiation. Continue reading “Infrared Thermometers”
Thermistors are based on the principal that the electrical resistance of semiconductor materials is a function of the temperature. Thermistors work well over smaller temperature ranges with better accuracy than (RTD) but are very non-linear. They also generally offer better response times. Thermistors have much higher resistance values than RTDs, with ranges typically ranging from 100 ohms to 100 megaohms.
The cleaning of produced water during oil and gas production and exploration is a crucial, although costly endeavor. In the process of bringing oil and gas up to the surface from a well, several byproducts are also produced. Water is the largest of these byproducts by volume, with 882 billion gallons produced per day. This produced water contains a variety of other compounds and substances, including organic and inorganic compounds, grease, bacteria, and dissolved solids such as iron. Continue reading “The Intricacy of Proper Instrumentation in Cleaning Produced Water”