Variable area flowmeters have scales calibrated for specific media at specific conditions. Most commonly, the flowmeters are calibrated for air for gas use, and water for liquid use, at standard atmospheric conditions of 70 degrees Fahrenheit and 14.7 PSIA, which is 0 PSIG. When using the flowmeter in conditions other than these standards, the flow reading will not be accurate and corrections will need to be made.
Gases can have large differences in density based on pressure and temperature. The observed reading of the flowmeter is the actual flow rate. The flow rate corrected for pressure and temperature is the standard flow rate. Often for air use the pressure in the flowmeter is not atmospheric and a correction must be made to get the standard flow rate.
For correcting the flow rate to standard use the equation shown, where actual pressure P1, actual temperature T1, and actual flow rate Q1 are used.
When using the flowmeter for gas other than air, the specific gravity must be corrected for.
For this correction use the equation shown, where actual flow rate is Q1 and gas used in the flowmeter specific gravity is SG.
If manual corrections are not desired, Dwyer offers scales calibrated for other specific media; for example, nitrogen versus air. Dwyer can even create custom scales calibrated specifically for your application media, operating pressure, and temperature. Please contact our technical sales department for already existing scales or to have your own custom scale created.
Dwyer Instruments, Inc. was recognized for excellence in product design in the 14th annual Dealer Design Awards Program sponsored by The Air Conditioning Heating & Refrigeration News Magazine (The ACHR News). An independent panel of contractors acted as judges in the contest that had 81 entries. Three Dwyer products stole the spotlight this year: the PredictAir™ Application Software; the Series AVUL, Air Velocity Transmitter; and the Series 490A-HKIT, Hydronic Differential Pressure Manometer. ACHR News is the leading trade magazine in the heating, ventilating, air conditioning, and refrigeration industries.
Dwyer Instruments offers several flow measuring products that use a thermal sensing element.
Thermal dispersion flow sensors use a temperature element that is heated up beyond the media temperature. Based on calorimetry, the flow moving past the sensor will have a cooling effect that is directly proportional to the flow velocity. The heat is convected from the heated probe surface to the boundary layer of the fluid flowing over the heated surface. Continue reading “Thermal Dispersion Flow Switches”
Why is pressure sensor accuracy important? From a manufacturer’s point of view, the wrong sensor can cause expensive quality or efficiency problems. This is why it’s important to understand how manufacturers calculate accuracy and recognize what parameters to look at when comparing pressure sensors.
By understanding how manufacturers calculate accuracy, you will be able to make a more informed decision when evaluating pressure sensors. This ensures that the next sensor that you select will have the required accuracy at the right price for the application. Continue reading “Pressure Sensor Accuracy”