What is a Hydronic System and What is Needed to Balance it?

A hydronic system is a system designed to circulate chilled or hot water with the connections between piping and terminal units (heating and/or cooling devices). Most hydronic systems are closed and are usually made in a series loop. In addition to pipes and terminals, valves are placed in this series as a port to balance the differential pressure in the system. The balance of this type of system is often referred to as hydronic or hydraulic balancing. Continue reading “What is a Hydronic System and What is Needed to Balance it?”

Reducing Lead in Animal Watering Systems

One of the most harmful and common substances to greatly affect people’s health is lead. Lead is a carcinogen which can be found in some percentage of most everyday materials. Varying forms of lead exposure can come from paint in older homes, dust, soil, and drinking water. To avoid health risk, individuals should take precautions to reduce or eliminate the possibilities of exposure. Ensuring and minimizing livestock and poultry exposure to lead contaminants helps to reduce human exposure via the food supply. Continue reading “Reducing Lead in Animal Watering Systems”

The Intricacy of Proper Instrumentation in Cleaning Produced Water

The cleaning of produced water during oil and gas production and exploration is a crucial, although costly endeavor. In the process of bringing oil and gas up to the surface from a well, several byproducts are also produced. Water is the largest of these byproducts by volume, with 882 billion gallons produced per day. This produced water contains a variety of other compounds and substances, including organic and inorganic compounds, grease, bacteria, and dissolved solids such as iron. Continue reading “The Intricacy of Proper Instrumentation in Cleaning Produced Water”